The Arduino Due is a microcontroller module based on the Atmel SAM3X8E ARM Cortex-M3 CPU. The Due is the first Arduino board based on a 32-bit ARM microcontroller. The board has 54 digital input / output pins (12 of which can be used as PWM outputs), 12 analog inputs, 4 UARTs (serial hardware ports), an 84 MHz clock, a USB OTG compatible connection, 2 DAC ( digital to analog), 2 TWI, a power connector, an SPI header, a JTAG header, a reset button and a clear button.Warning: Unlike most Arduino boards, the Arduino Due board runs at 3.3V. The maximum voltage that the I / O pins can tolerate is 3.3 V. Applying voltages higher than 3.3 V to an I / O pin can damage the board.
The board contains everything needed to support the microcontroller; simply connect it to a computer with a micro-USB cable or power it with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery to get started. The Due is compatible with all Arduino shields that work at 3.3V and are compliant with the 1.0 Arduino pinout.The Due follows the 1.0 pinout:
- TWI: SDA and SCL pins that are near to the AREF pin.
- IOREF: allows an attached shield with the proper configuration to adapt to the voltage provided by the board. This enables shield compatibility with a 3.3V board like the Due and AVR-based boards which operate at 5V.
- An unconnected pin, reserved for future use.